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Nächster Klimagipfel in Polen – ausgerechnet


Ausgerechnet Polen, fällt mir da nur ein. Heute wurde in Doha, wo gerade der Klimagipfel tagt, bekannt, dass unser Nachbar Polen im kommenden Jahr die nächste Klimakonferenz ausrichtet.

Polen ist bislang nicht gerade als Verfechter einer ehrgeizigen Klimaschutzpolitik aufgefallen – im Gegenteil. Das Land boykottiert ehrgeizigere Klimaschutzziele auf EU Ebene und hat in den vergangenen Monaten, so Greenpeace, gleich drei Mal gegen ehrgeizigere CO2-Einsparziele sein Veto eingelegt. Für einen Eklat sorgte Polens Haltung im Frühjahr zur Verabschiedung von ehrgeizigeren Reduktionszielen bis 2050 – nur wegen Warschau konnte ein Abkommen nicht verabschiedet werden. Zudem sitzt das Land auf einem großen Batzen Emissionszertifikaten, die es nur bekam, weil nach 1990 die Ostblockwirtschaft zusammenbrach. Diese “hot air” sorgt jetzt dafür, dass der Zertifikatspreis am Boden liegt und kein der Handel mit Verschmutzungsrechten einfach nicht die erfolgreich ist – CO2 ist einfach zu billig.

Polen diskutiert außerdem gerade die Eröffnung weiterer Braunkohleminen, schließlich ist seine Industrie vor allem auf den billigen, heimischen Kohlestrom angewiesen. Und die Kohle lässt sich hervorragend in alle Welt exportieren.

Dem Ausrichter einer Klimakonferenz kommt oftmals in den letzten Stunden des Verhandlungsmarathons eine entscheidende Position zu. Das Land muss Kompromisse zwischen Regierungen finden, muss Vorschläge machen, die Diskussion am Laufen halten. Die Chancen, dass ein erfolgreiches Abkommen verabschiedet wird, sind in der Regel größer, wenn der “Dealmaker” selbst ehrgeizig ist – das kennt man ja aus dem Privaten.

Mal schauen, ob Polen eine 180-Grad-Wende bis zur nächsten COP19 hinlegt.


3 Kommentare

  1.   besucher

    Ausgerechnet Polen? Wieso denn nicht? In Europa ist doch Deutschland das Land das die Umwelt am meisten schädigt, das zeige doch jede Statistik!

  2. […] Nächster Klimagipfel in Polen – ausgerechnetZEIT ONLINE (Blog)Ausgerechnet Polen, fällt mir da nur ein. Heute wurde in Doha, wo gerade der Klimagipfel tagt, bekannt, dass unser Nachbar Polen im kommenden Jahr die nächste Klimakonferenz ausrichtet. Polen ist bislang nicht gerade als Verfechter einer ehrgeizigen …UN-Klimakonferenz Polen richtet nächsten Gipfel ausStuttgarter ZeitungGreenpeace: Polen muss jetzt Vertrauen unter Beweis stellenoekonews.at […]

  3.   Tomasz

    (Sorry for commenting in English, I just feel that my German isn’t good enough for this purpose)

    I am Polish, living in Warsaw and I would like to say the following: There are many policies and standpoints taken by my government that I completely don’t understand, however, in this very case, I fully agree with all the vetoes my country has exercised. Of course, as has been mentioned in the article, these vetoes have been used to protect the economic interests of Poland, however, I believe that, in fact, they also protect the interests of Europe as a whole.

    The reduction of CO2 is a real need and a grave problem that humanity has to face – I never call this in question. It is of crucial importance, however, that this challenge confronts ALL PEOPLE, not just Europeans! Agreeing on cuts in CO2 emissions in Europe, while the U.S, India, China and others happily continue emitting, simply makes no sense. Firstly, it does not really change anything, because huge amounts of CO2 are still emitted into the atmosphere – just elswhere. Secondly and more importantly, this is bad for the European economy. Why would anyone buy expensive European goods, whose prices are forced up by the consumption of more expensive energy in the production process, while they can buy cheap Chinese stuff, manufactured with no consideration for the environment whatsoever? Prices are the first and most important factor that impacts the decisions of consumers. Even in Europe, where the societies are probably the most “green” in the whole world, most of people do not care about either the environmental impact or unfair labor arrangements in countries which manufactured the products they buy. And then, even if this changed – even if everybody in Europe started to pay attention to this – then there is the rest of the world that does not. Believing that it will change is utopian. Reducing CO2 emission in Europe, while the rest of the world does not care, means putting brakes on our economy, which is does not seem to be thriving anyway these days.

    Some “believers” say that – quite the opposite – promoting this idea is Europe’s asset, because European green technology can be sold worldwide with profit. Well, I wonder if they have already heard of those cheap Chinese solar panels that are flooding Europe…

    Finally, I believe that advocating the reduction of CO2 emission in Europe is, in fact, counterproductive. This is because today Europe, which is probably the most enviromentally-aware continent (OK, maybe Australia is, but there are too little people there to make Australia’s attitude very relevant on a global scale) will only be able to promote the green ideas as long as it stays powerful. When the Chinese outgrow us, they will dictate the rules. And these rules will probably not be very “green”. So why should we help them do that by constraining our economy and making it less competitive?

    I once talked to and Austrian environmentalist who told me “Don’t you underestimate the Chinese, they will become environmentally aware too, that comes as a natural consequence of development”. Well, I think this is a bit naive. Surely, they will develop, I don’t doubt that. But given the current situation, for example the immolations in Tibet, they still have a long way to go.

    Besides, the sad truth is that most people become “green-thinkers” only when they are well-off. Maybe this is harder to observe in Germany, which is a rich country. Poland, I think, is much closer to the world-average when it comes to wealth, ideology, etc. And, sadly, most people here – even in Warsaw, a big city – do not care if they eat bio-eggs or battery-chicken-eggs. The division is rather between “cheap eggs” and “expensive eggs”. And people will not start caring until they are about 90% as rich as the Germans. When will the Chinese become that?

    And can we be so sure ther development will go into the same direction it took in Western Europe? Maybe their culture, which undeniably is differnt that ours, is less prone to absorb these ideas? Take Japan or South Korea, for example. They are developed, aren’t they? In many fields probably more developed than Europe is. Why haven’t they adopted gay rights then? Well, I think the answer is because their culture is different, less individualistic, and it does not accentuate personal freedom as strongly as the European culture does. OK, maybe this is something else. I just wanted to show, by way of this example, that there are various patterns of development and it is too optimistic to believe that the rest of the world will suddenly start thinking the way Europe does.

    I love Europe and I think that it is the best place to live. Its culture, history, languages. I also love it for its beautiful ideas: peace, international aid, tolerance, cooperation, environmental-awareness. Hopefully, Europe will not condemnt oneself to become weaker and less competitive and will stay a leading force in the future, a force that can continue promoting these beautiful ideas.

    PS Please do not think that I am anti-Chinese. It is just that if the World economy is a competiton, I prefer that Europe wins.